County Kilkenny

 County Kilkenny is .

 

County Kilkenny History

 

Cill Chainnigh was the site of a stronghold from which the Mac Giolla Phádraig family ruled Osraige, one of the ancient kingdoms of Ireland, which existed from at least the C2nd AD until the C13th AD. The medieval Diocese of Ossory was established in the year 549 AD. In historic times Kilkenny replaced Aghaboe as the chief church in Osraige.

 

The name Osraige is said to be from the Usdaie, a celtic tribe that Ptolemy’s map of Ireland places in roughly the same area that Osraige would later occupy. The territory indicated by Ptolemy probably included the major late Iron Age hill-fort at Freestone Hill which produced some Roman finds. Also the interesting burial at Stonyford which is of typical Roman type and probably dates to the 1st century AD

 

The Cisternians came to Jerpoint and Kilkenny around 1155/60. Jerpoint Abbey is founded by Donal MacGiollaPhadruig, King of Ossory 1158.

 

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County Kilkenny with an area of 2,061.59 km2 / 795.986 sq mi, a north-south length of 58 km / 36 miles and varying in breadth from about 19 km /12 miles to about 31 km / 19 miles, is the 16th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 21st largest in terms of population. It is the third largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and seventh largest in terms of population.

County Kilkenny’s pricipal geographical features include hilly uplands in the North-East, the North-West and the South; a network of river and streams helps drain the land, giving the county a highly fertile lower central plain.

 County Kilkenny’s main rivers are the Suir to the west, the Nore in the middle, and the Barrow to the east, nicknamed the Three Sisters, flow into Waterford Harbour. Although the county lies inland it has access to the sea via Belview Port, Port of Waterford, on the Suir Estuary and via Rosberco, part of New Ross on the River Barrow. The River Barrow is navigable, and links via the Grand Canal to Dublin and the River Shannon. The wide and meandering Rivers Nore and Barrow are used for angling, boating and water sports.The Kings River and the Dinan are used of canoeing and kayaking as they contain stretches of peaceful waterways and a number of weirs and rapids.

The highest point in the county is the southwestern Brandon Hill (515m / 1,690ft). In the west of the county the Slieveardagh Hills and Booley Hills extend into County Tipperary. In the north, the Castlecomer Plateau stretches from the Culla Hills eastwards to the Castlecomer Hills and the Slieve Margy range, taking in parts of Co. Laois and Co. Carlow.

The main land use is grassland, dairy farming and tillage farming especially around Kilkenny City and in the fertile central plain of the Nore Valley. Conifer forests are found on the upland areas. At present there are 36 designated natural heritage sites of international and national importance in County Kilkenny, covering approximately 4.5% of the land.

Overall, the county has a mild, but changeable, Oceanic climate with few extremes. Kilkenny is significant in that it records some of the highest summer and lowest winter temperatures in Ireland – 33.3 °C (91.9 °F) at Kilkenny Castle on 26 June 1887. and -18.1 °C (-1 °F) on 12 January 1982 at Kilkenny Met Station.. Kilkenny experiences an average of 4 days per year with snow lying, 9 days per year with hail, and 5 days per year with thunderstorms

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